We all know that the whys and hows of wetlands and endangered species protection are among the more controversial and actively debated natural resource issues of our day. Many people, even those who have a great love for wildlife, have been taught that wetlands are “wastelands” which serve no purpose unless they are drained and “put to use.” My purpose here is to explain, in general terms, what wetlands and endangered species are and to discuss the relationships which often exist between the two. This explanation will emphasize the role wetlands play in providing habitat for many plants and animals and the consequences loss of wetland habitat has had on many species.