Hardwood forests represent an extremely diverse and valuable assemblage of species. To some, hardwood management is a confusing and difficult concept to grasp. Unfortunately, past harvests in many hardwood stands removed only the best quality stems of a few select species, leaving poor quality often less desirable species in the wake. Because of past practices in many hardwood stands, some may not believe that hardwood forests can be properly managed for pulp, lumber, water quality, aesthetics, wildlife habitat, and a host of other amenities. We hope this publication will serve to expand the private forest landowners' horizon to the possibilities of hardwood management.