Forestry is one of the top three industries in North Carolina, where approximately 62 percent of the state's 32.2 million acres are forested. Approximately 67 percent of the forest land consists of hardwood or mixed pine-hardwood. Benefits from hardwood forests include watershed protection, wildlife, timber, recreation, and aesthetics. Increased demand for hardwood, due to tighter controls on federal lands and the hardwood exports, has increased the need for management of existing hardwood stands.