As North Carolina’s population expands, more and more forestland disappears, converted to residential, retail, industrial, and other nonforestry uses. The challenge of managing conflicts between forestry and nonforestry uses falls to local governments, especially as trees and other vegetative buffers are cleared. As trees are removed, perceived and real environmental impacts may bring about restrictive or prescriptive land use regulations. This publication examines tree protection regulations, zoning, and other ordinances. Guidance is offered on how to practice forestry under existing regulations and on how involvement in the community can retain forestry as a viable land use.