Becoming a Forest Steward in North Carolina

Forest stewardship is a commitment to your land for the present and in the future. True stewards apply the ideas of conservation in managing all of the resources of the forest.

Benefits of Prescribed Burning

Prescribed burning (also known as ‘controlled burning’) is an important forest management tool that may be appropriate to use throughout the life cycle of a stand of trees. Some of the more frequent and beneficial uses of prescribed burning are briefly outlined in this leaflet.

De-Coding the Language of Water Quality

As with many sciences, there are a lot of alphabetic abbreviations in the world of forestry and water quality. This Forestry Leaflet de-codes the alphabetic mix and helps you understand the impact of various water quality programs on forest management.

Explaining Streamside Management Zones

In North Carolina, forestry activities must establish and maintain a streamside management zone (SMZ) alongside certain types of streams and bodies of water. These requirements are defined within the statewide mandatory regulations called the Forest Practices Guidelines Related to Water Quality, or ‘FPGs’.

Extra Income from White Pine Tips

In recent years, a very good market has developed in North Carolina for roping and wreaths made from freshly cut branch tips from eastern white pine. The scent and appearance of fresh evergreens is popular during the Christmas season. Wreaths and roping made from white pine tips are shipped all along the east coast and as far west as Chicago and St. Louis.

Firewise Landscaping in North Carolina

Do you live in a home or community that is tucked into the woods or surrounded by marsh or shrubs? Then your home may be at risk of exposure to wildfire. You can use firewise landscaping practices to create a survivable space around your home and reduce your risk of damage from a wildfire.

First… See a Forester

More than 60 percent of North Carolina is forested, but much of this valuable resource is not actively managed. Properly managed forests can generate extra money from the sale of timber products; improve wildlife habitat, aesthetics, recreation, and water quality; and increase land value. By seeking the assistance of a professional forester, you can maximize the return on your forestlands.

Forest Recovery Program

The Forest Recovery Program (FRP) is a cost-sharing program, similar to the on-going Forest Development Program (FDP), which provides financial assistance to North Carolina forest landowners to implement forestry practices.

Harvesting Pinestraw in Longleaf Pine Stands

Real income potential is possible on many longleaf forests found in eastern and southeastern North Carolina. This Forestry Leaflet explains the typical manner in which longleaf pinestraw is harvested.

How to Hire an Arborist

Hiring a tree care specialist deserves all the consideration and caution that goes into selecting a banker or home builder. The right choice can assure health, beauty and longer life for your trees.

The Layman’s Guide to Private Access Road Construction in the Southern Appalachian Mountains

It is ironic that roads designed to help people enjoy the Appalachians often destroy the beautiful scenery and clear water that make the mountains so attractive. Poorly constructed access roads often cause severe erosion, and stream sedimentation. These effects can degrade water quality for decades. Erosion can be disastrous in fragile mountain environments, and the landowner must pay for frequent and costly repair of a poorly designed road.

The North Carolina Forest Service Forest Health Handbook

The North Carolina Forest Service Forest Health Handbook describes some of the most important and/or common forest insects and diseases that damage trees in North Carolina. The main purpose of this manual is to provide basic information on threats to forest health, guidance in diagnosing tree disorders, and pest management recommendations. It is not intended as a final reference when dealing with any of the pests described. Rather, it should serve as a training aid and introductory text for those unfamiliar with the forest entomology and pathology fields, and as a quick reference guide for specific insect and diseases problems.

Precommercial Thinning Contract Considerations

When a stand of trees regenerates naturally from seed sources or stump sprouts, often the outcome is too many tree seedlings are produced, or the seedlings are not evenly spaced across the tract. The resulting thicket of under-sized trees will require substantial time to become a healthy or high-quality forest. In this situation, a precommercial thinning can remove a defined amount of the new trees, thereby providing more ample growing space, sunlight and soil nutrients for the remaining trees and reducing the amount of time required to grow a quality and healthy forest.

Proper Pruning

Pruning is the removal of branches, living or dead, from woody plants. The first rule of pruning is do no cutting without a reason. Improper pruning can cause damage that will last the lifetime of the tree — or even shorten the lifespan of the tree.

Recommended Street Trees for North Carolina

This publication contains a list of recommended street trees for North Carolina. Special attention has been given to species with the ability to handle air pollution and heat stress involved with urban environments.

Restoration of Wetlands Under the Wetlands Reserve Program

The Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) is a national program authorized by the 1990 Farm Bill. WRP is a voluntary opportunity offering landowners a chance to receive payments for restoring and protecting wetlands on their property through the establishment of permanent, or (possibly) thirty-year, conservation easements. This Woodland Owner Note has been revised to help North Carolina landowners understand the provisions of the 1995 Wetlands Reserve Program.

The Right Tree for the Right Place

A tree’s requirements to thrive, its form or shape, its size at maturity, and its function in your landscape help determine the best tree to plant.

Tree Topping Hurts!

Topping is severely cutting limbs larger than 3” in diameter to stubs within the tree’s crown so as to remove the normal canopy and disfigure the tree.

The North Carolina Division of Forest Resources is a state government agency charged with protecting, managing, and developing the forest resources of North Carolina. The Division of Forest Resources provides forest land management assistance to landowners in North Carolina, including reforestation services, forest fire prevention and suppression, and insect and disease control.

Learn more about the North Carolina Division of Forest Resources at their web site: