The Balsam Woolly Adelgid

The balsam woolly adelgid is a tiny insect that has made a major impact on the dark, cool forests of Fraser fir on the highest mountain peaks of western North Carolina, eastern Tennessee, and southwestern Virginia. Native to central Europe, the balsam woolly adelgid has now spread throughout eastern and western North America. It attacks all true firs, including Fraser fir, which is the dominant Christmas tree species produced in western North Carolina.

Identification and Biology of Southern Pine Bark Beetles

Bark beetles are the most destructive insects affecting pines in the southern United States. Greatest losses occur in loblolly and shortleaf pine stands, although most of the 11 native pines in the South are attacked. To be effectively dealt with, any pest (or pests) must first be identified. This handbook provides the reader with information to distinguish between the five southern pine bark beetle species based on symptoms of attack, adult appearance, and differences in life cycles and behaviour.

Pine Insects, Diseases, and Wildfire

Potential losses to insect and disease pests and to wildfire are a major concern of the forest landowner and manager. Wildfires bum over one million acres of southern forests each year. While damage by wildfire is sudden and spectacular, it is not nearly as extensive as losses caused by insects and diseases. Losses caused by forest pests in the South exceed 3 billion cubic feet annually.

Southern Pine Beetle

The southern pine beetle is one of pine's most destructive insect enemies in the Southern United States, Mexico, and Central America

The Southern Pine Beetle

The Southern Pine Beetle (SPB) inhabits Tennessee forests, and as forest landowners, we should be prepared to deal with the insect. Each year SPB causes thousands of dollars worth of damage to stands of Southern yellow pines, e.g., Loblolly, shortleaf and Virginia pines. Landowners living near or on their property can reduce losses to SPB by knowing the symptoms of a SPB attack, what to do about it and how to prevent it.

Tips for Hemlock Tree Owners

If you own a hemlock tree, chances are very high that at some point in the near future, you will have an unwelcome visitor to your landscape. This ‘visitor’ is far from its native Asia and is known as the ‘hemlock woolly adelgid’. The hemlock woolly adelgid is a small but dangerous insect that has the potential to kill a 100-year-old hemlock tree in only four to five years.

Narrower Topics

Broader Topics

Other Related Topics