Bald Eagle

The bald eagle is truly an all-American bird. It ranges over most of the continent, from the northern reaches of Alaska and Canada down to northern Mexico. While our national symbol was in danger of extinction throughout most of its range 30 years ago, the bald eagle has made a tremendous comeback, its populations greatly improving in numbers, productivity, and security in recent years.

Critical Habitat: What is it?

When a species is proposed for listing as endangered or threatened under the Endangered Species Act, we must consider whether there are areas of habitat we believe are essential to the species’ conservation. Those areas may be proposed for designation as “critical habitat.” The determination and designation of critical habitat is one of the most controversial and confusing aspects of the Act. Here are answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about critical habitat.

Endangered Red Wolves

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is reintroducing red wolves to prevent extinction of the species and to restore the ecosystems in which red wolves once occurred, as mandated by the Endangered Species Act of 1973.

Endangered Species

Numerous species native to the U.S. are threatened with extinction, and have been classified as “endangered” or “threatened” by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service or the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission.

Habitat Conservation Plans: Working Together for Endangered Species

Habitat Conservation Plans under the Endangered Species Act provide a framework for people to complete projects while conserving at-risk species of plants and animals. Congress envisioned Habitat Conservation Plans as integrating development and land-use activities with conservation in a climate of cooperation.

Kirtland’s Warbler

The first Kirtland’s warbler in North America was identified in 1851 from a specimen collected on Dr. Jared Kirtland’s farm near Cleveland, Ohio. Biologists did not learn where it nested until 1903 when they found a warbler nest in Michigan. Today, Kirtland’s warbler faces two significant threats: lack of crucial young jack pine forest habitat and the parasitic cowbird.

Red-Cockaded Woodpecker

The red-cockaded woodpecker (RCW) is a small bird measuring about 7 inches in length. Identifiable by its white cheek patch and black and white barred back, the males have a few red feathers, or “cockade”. These red feathers usually remain hidden underneath black feathers between the black crown and white cheek patch unless the male is disturbed or excited.

Red-Cockaded Woodpecker

In the world of North American woodpeckers, red-cockaded woodpeckers stand out as an exception to the usual rules. They are the only woodpeckers to excavate nest and roost sites in living trees. Living in small family groups, red-cockaded woodpeckers are a social species, unlike others. These groups chatter and call throughout the day, using a great variety of vocalizations. And they are one of only two woodpecker species protected by the Endangered Species Act.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's County Species List for North Carolina

This publication contains a list of counties in North Carolina within which federally listed and proposed endangered, threatened, and candidate species and federal species of concern are either known or are considered probable (but not yet documented). It has been compiled by the USFWS from a variety of sources, including field surveys, museums and herbaria, literature, and personal communications.

Understanding Wetlands and Endangered Species: Definitions and Relationships

We all know that the whys and hows of wetlands and endangered species protection are among the more controversial and actively debated natural resource issues of our day. Many people, even those who have a great love for wildlife, have been taught that wetlands are “wastelands” which serve no purpose unless they are drained and “put to use.” My purpose here is to explain, in general terms, what wetlands and endangered species are and to discuss the relationships which often exist between the two. This explanation will emphasize the role wetlands play in providing habitat for many plants and animals and the consequences loss of wetland habitat has had on many species.

Why Save Endangered Species?

Since life began on Earth, countless creatures have come and gone, rendered extinct by naturally changing physical and biological conditions. Since extinction is part of the natural order, and if many other species remain, some people ask: “Why save endangered species? Why should we spend money and effort to conserve them? How do we benefit?”

Narrower Topics