The Balsam Woolly Adelgid

The balsam woolly adelgid is a tiny insect that has made a major impact on the dark, cool forests of Fraser fir on the highest mountain peaks of western North Carolina, eastern Tennessee, and southwestern Virginia. Native to central Europe, the balsam woolly adelgid has now spread throughout eastern and western North America. It attacks all true firs, including Fraser fir, which is the dominant Christmas tree species produced in western North Carolina.

Scale Insects

Scale insects are a peculiar group and look quite different from the typical insects we encounter day to day. Small, immobile, with no visible legs or antennae, they resemble individual fish scales pressed tightly against the plant on which they are feeding. There are over l50 different kinds of scales in Virginia. Many are common and serious pests of trees, shrubs, and indoor plants.

Tips for Hemlock Tree Owners

If you own a hemlock tree, chances are very high that at some point in the near future, you will have an unwelcome visitor to your landscape. This ‘visitor’ is far from its native Asia and is known as the ‘hemlock woolly adelgid’. The hemlock woolly adelgid is a small but dangerous insect that has the potential to kill a 100-year-old hemlock tree in only four to five years.

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