Biology & Management of Eastern Wild Turkey

Prior to and during early colonial times, the wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) occurred in large numbers over most of South. As settlement increased, detrimental land-use practices and market hunting resulted in the near extinction of the wild turkey. Because of the aggressive trapping and restocking efforts by state wildlife agencies, wild turkey populations have reached historical high levels in most states, including South Carolina.

Wild Turkey

In the Southeast, wild turkeys require extensive forest lands. Three basic habitat types are required: 1) winter, 2) nesting, and 3) brood range. Good turkey habitat contains mature stands of mixed-hardwoods, relatively open understories, scattered clearings with distributed water, and freedom from disturbance.

Wild Turkey Harvest Management: Biology, Strategies, and Techniques

Since life began on Earth, countless creatures have come and gone, rendered extinct by naturally changing physical and biological conditions. Since extinction is part of the natural order, and if many other species remain, some people ask: “Why save endangered species? Why should we spend money and effort to conserve them? How do we benefit?”

Wild Turkey Management

The wild turkey is an important game animal in North Carolina and the Southeast. Recently, turkeys have made a comeback from low populations caused by excess hunting, habitat loss and domestic poultry diseases. Interest in wild turkey hunting also has increased accordingly during this time.

Broader Topics